Comparison of positions
The data was collected as part of the 2019 Chapel Hill Expert Survey. As part of this, more than 400 policy experts assessed the positions of major parties. All parties represented in either the national parliament or the EU parliament at the time of the survey were considered. Parties' positions may change over time and differ from the values presented.
Ryan Bakker, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Anna Vachudova. 2020. “2019 Chapel Hill Expert Survey.” - University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.